Understanding Massachusetts Domestic Violence Laws: A Guide for Survivors and Advocates


Domestic violence is a serious issue affecting thousands of individuals and families in Massachusetts annually. As a survivor or an advocate, it is crucial to understand the state's domestic violence laws and the resources available to protect yourself and your loved ones. One of the most essential tools in this fight is the restraining order. This blog post will provide a comprehensive guide to navigating restraining orders in Massachusetts, including the different types, the process for obtaining one, and what to do if a restraining order is violated.

Types of Restraining Orders in Massachusetts

There are two main types of restraining orders in Massachusetts, each with its specific purpose and requirements:

  • 209A Abuse Prevention Order: Also known as a domestic violence restraining order, this order is designed to protect individuals from abuse by family or household members. This includes spouses, former spouses, people related by blood or marriage, people living together, people who have a child together, and people in a substantive dating relationship.
  • 258E Harassment Prevention Order: This order protects individuals from harassment, stalking, or sexual assault by someone, not a family or household member. This includes neighbors, acquaintances, or strangers. To qualify for this order, the individual must have experienced at least three incidents of harassment, stalking, or sexual assault.

How to Obtain a Restraining Order in Massachusetts

Obtaining a restraining order in Massachusetts involves several steps:

  1. Complete the necessary forms: Visit your local district court or probate and family court to get the appropriate forms. You can also find these forms online on the Massachusetts Court System website. Be sure to provide as much detail as possible about the abuse or harassment, including dates, times, locations, and specific incidents.
  2. File the forms with the court: Submit the completed forms to the court clerk. There is no fee for filing a restraining order in Massachusetts.
  3. Attend a hearing: The judge will review your forms and ask questions about your situation. If the judge believes you are in immediate danger, they may issue a temporary restraining order lasting up to 10 days.
  4. Attend a final hearing: A final hearing will be scheduled within ten days of the temporary order being issued. You and the person you seek protection from will have the opportunity to present evidence and testimony. If the judge determines that a final restraining order is necessary, it will be issued for up to one year and can be extended if needed.

What to Do If a Restraining Order Is Violated

If the person you have a restraining order against violates the terms of the order, it is essential to take immediate action:

  1. Call the police: A restraining order violation is a criminal offense in Massachusetts. The police can arrest the individual and charge them with a crime.
  2. Document the violation: Keep a detailed record of any violations, including dates, times, locations, and witnesses. This information can be crucial in building a case against the person who violated the order.
  3. Seek legal assistance: Navigating the complexities of restraining orders and domestic violence, laws can be challenging. An experienced attorney, like the Law Office of James Hester team, can provide guidance and support throughout the process, ensuring that your rights are protected, and you receive the justice you deserve.

Understanding Massachusetts domestic violence laws and obtaining a restraining order is crucial for survivors and advocates. Following the steps outlined in this guide and seeking legal assistance when necessary, you can protect yourself and your loved ones from further harm. If you need help navigating the legal process or have questions about restraining orders, contact the Law Office of James Hester today for a consultation.

Contact the Law Office of James Hester today to schedule a FREE consultation!

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